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Among the variety of diseases and disorders prevalent, nutritional deficiency remains prominent in countries across the world. It is due to scarcity of resources and lack of a balanced diet. Nutrients play an important role in regulating healthy bodily functions. Thus it is necessary to look for signs and symptoms to prevent deterioration of health!
To help you, here are 5 common nutritional deficiencies with their signs and supplement alternatives.
Iodine helps to regulate thyroid functions and its deficiency is known as hypothyroidism. Symptoms of thyroid deficiency to look out for are:
- Hair loss
- Sudden weight gain
- Feeling chilly
- Swollen neck
Some common food sources of iodine include milk, seaweed, shrimp, iodized salt, and cod.
Calcium is the specific nutrient required to maintain bone health. It is also important for brain, eye, and muscle health. The deficiency of the nutrient is known as hypocalcemia and could lead to conditions such as cataracts, osteoporosis, teeth, and gum problems. Some of the signs to look out for are:
- Brittle nails
- Muscle spasms
- Loss of memory
- Changes in behavior and mood
Some common food sources of calcium include cheese, soybeans, turnips, milk, and broccoli.
The deficiency in vitamin B12 causes nerve damage and affects the brain, muscles, and more. Symptoms include:
- Sudden weight loss
- Persistent fatigue
- Lack of balance and coordination
- Weekend muscles
Some common food sources of vitamin B12 are sardines, beef, beetroot, tuna, and mushrooms.
One of the most common blood disorders called Anaemia is a consequence of iron deficiency. Some of the symptoms include:
- Persistent weakness
- Heart palpitations
- Headaches and dizziness
- Pale skin
- Chest ache or shortness of breath
Some common food sources of iron include kale, liver, spinach, nuts, and beans.
Vitamin D deficiency is very common. About 42% of the US population is known to be vitamin D deficient. Deficiency of this nutrient leads to an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, bone issues, and cognitive function. The signs to look out for are:
- Frequent irritation
While sunlight remains the prominent source of vitamin D, some food sources include tuna, salmon, red meat, eggs, and fortified cereals.
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